Thursday, 13 November 2014

Adab Mandikan Bayi Baru Lahir Dengan Cara Betul

Bayi baru lahir adalah khalifah Allah yang baru menjengah dunia selepas sembilan bulan tinggal di alam rahim. Justeru ibu bapa yang beragama Islam mestilah menyambut kelahirannya mengikut cara yang dianjurkan oleh Islam.

Antara yang mungkin kita semua tidak beri perhatian adalah tatacara memandikan bayi baru lahir iaitu dari usia sehari hingga 40 hari. Dalam tempoh ini, kaedah mandian memainkan peranan penting dalam membentuk aliran darah dan pembentukan tulang yang baik.


1. Seeloknya mandikan bayi pada waktu dhuha, kerana pada waktu tersebut fisiologi kitaran darah dan degupan jantung bayi dalam keadaan tenang. Gunakan air yang suam.

2. Siraman pertama perlu dimulakan ke atas belakangnya secara perlahan-lahan, kemudian baru disiramkan ke kaki, seterusnya naik ke bahagian punggungnya.

3. Belaian dan gosokan lembut memainkan peranan penting semasa memandikan bayi. Ini akan membuatkan pengaliran darah bayi lancar dan baik. Siraman disertakan dengan sapuan sabun yang sesuai untuk bayi.

4. Seterusnya siram dari belakang hingga ke kepala. Siraman di kepala dilakukan secara perlahan, supaya air tidak mengalir masuk ke dalam lubang telinga. Semasa menyiramkan air di belakang kepala ke bahagian hadapan dahi, tangan digunakan untuk menggosok dahi.

5. Sebaiknya tugas memandikan bayi dilakukan oleh bapa. Sambil memandikan, hati berzikir Ya Latif, Ya Hadi.

6. Pastikan siraman tidak dilakukan pada muka bayi kerana ia boleh melemaskan bayi serta menyebabkan lubang hidungnya lembap seterusnya mudah selesema atau jangkitan kuman.

7. Siraman yang terakhir, dilakukan ke atas dada seterusnya hingga ke bawah. Tidak digalakkan menyapu sabun pada bahagian hadapan tubuh bayi usia ini, kerana bimbang air dan sabun menyebabkan bahagian pusatnya lembap dan seterusnya melambatkan proses ‘gugur’ tali pusat.

8. Selepas selesai mandi, lapkan seluruh badan bayi dengan tuala yang bersih. Cara mengelap dimulakan dari kepala kerana kelewatan mengelap bahagian kepala boleh menyebabkan kepala dan ubun-ubun bayi basah serta membawa masalah paru-paru lemah.

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SEMUGA INI DAPAT MEMBER8I ANDA PADUAN DAN CARA MENGENDALIKAN BAYI YANG BARU LAHIR...

Orang Jepun!

10 Sebab Jepun Mencapai Kemajuan:

1. Di Jepun di ajar pada awal sekolah rendah sehingga darjah enam dengan satu matapelajaran yang dinamakann “Jalan kearah Akhlak” dimana pelajar mempelajari akhlak/etika dan cara berdepan dengan orang.

2. Tidak ada kegagalan/failure pada awal sekolah rendah sehingga ke peringkat tiga pertengahan, kerana objektifnya ialah mendidik dan menanamkan konsep dan pembentukan pribadi/watak, bukan sahaja pendidikan dan indoktrinasi(dictation).

3. Jepun walaupun salah satu Negara terkaya didunia, mereka tidak mempunyai orang gaji (servants), ibu dan bapa bertanggungjawab di rumah dan keatas anak-anak mereka.

4. Kanak-kanak Jepun membersihkan sekolah mereka setiap hari selama 20min bersama-sama guru mereka. Faktor ini membawa kearah kemunculan generasi Jepun yang sederhana dan minat kearah kebersihan.

5. Kanak-kanak disekolah akan membawa berus gigi yang telah di “disinfected”/sterilkan, dan mereka membersihkan gigi mereka disekolah setiap kali lepas makan bagi mengekalkan kesihatan pada usia yang muda.

6. Pengetua sekolah akan memakan makanan pelajarnya selama setengah jam bagi memastikan keselamatan mereka, kerana pengetua menganggap pelajar adalah masa depan Jepun yang perlu diberi perlindungan.


7. Pekerja pembersihan di Jepun digelar sebagai “Jurutera Kesihatan” yang gajinya sebanyak 5000 hingga 8000 USD sebulan, tertakluk kepada ujian bertulis dan lisan.

8. Di larangan mengunakan handphone didalam tren/keretapi, restoran dan tempat-tempat yang tertutup, dan dinamakan status ‘silent’ di handphone sebagai “akhlak/etika”

9. Jika anda pergi ke restauran buffet di Jepun, anda akan dapati bahawa setiap orang akan mengambil makanan dengan kadar yang di perlukan sahaja, dan tidak akan meninggalkan apa-apa makanan diatas pingan.

10. Kadar kelambatan keretapi/tren adalah sebanyak 7 saat sahaja dalam satu tahun, ini kerana mereka adalah orang yang tahu akan nilai masa, dan gemar kepada ketepatan saat dan minit.

Sumber Asal: http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=521265741257650&set=a.140501556000739.30439.140501459334082&type=1&theater






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Monday, 10 November 2014

JANGAN TERTIPU: Maklumat Penting Untuk Pemilik Kenderaan

JANGKA HAYAT TAYAR :

Kepada para pemilik kenderaan,sila ambil perhatian terhadap maklumat ini agar tidak tertipu oleh towkey kedai tayar.

Setiap tayar tempoh penggunaan (jangka hayat) 5 tahun dari tarikh dikeluarkan. Sekiranya tayar tersebut melampaui tempoh jangka hayat,

JANGAN beli tayar tersebut atau MINTA FREE!!


Sila ambil tahu: Kod Tayar Kenderaan.

Contoh: 205/65/R1594H.
205 => Lebar.
65 => Tinggi.
R => Radial.
15 => size/rim.
94 => Max bebanan.
H => Max 210 km/h.
S => Max 180 km/h.
T => Max 190 km/h.
U => Max 200 km/h.
V => Max 240 km/h.
Z => >240 km/h.
W => 270 km/h.
Y => 300 km/h.

Setiap tayar baru ada 4 angka tercatit di sisi tayar.
Contoh: 0514 menunjukkan tayar baru keluaran kilang pada minggu ke 5 tahun 2014. Setiap tayar tempoh penggunaan 5 tahun dari tarikh dikeluarkan. Jika tukar tayar baru pastikan tahun terkini ... sekarang 2014.

Jika beli tahun 2013 minta diskaun less 20% dari harga asal.
2012 minta diskaun 40%
2011 minta diskaun 60%
2010 minta diskaun 80%
2009 minta free... ahakzzz ahakzzz

Tayar baru lebih 5 tahun usia boleh pakai tapi keras sebab getah tayar sudah expired.

**Semoga perkongsian ini membantu kita agar tidak lagi ditipu oleh kedai tayar.**




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Opium A History,

Transforming Opium Poppies into Heroin

Opium Poppy    
Heroin's long journey to America's streets begins with the planting of the seed of an opium poppy. The flower's botanical name is papaver somniferum. The Sumerians called it Hul Gil, the 'flower of joy.'

The flower is grown mainly by impoverished farmers on small plots in remote regions of the world. It flourishes in dry, warm climates and the vast majority of opium poppies are grown in a narrow, 4,500-mile stretch of mountains extending across southern Asia from Turkey through Pakistan and Laos. Heroin is also increasingly becoming an export from Latin America, notably Colombia.

About three months after the poppy seeds are planted, brightly-colored flowers bloom at the tips of greenish, tubular stems. As the petals fall away, they expose an egg-shaped seed pod. Inside the pod is an opaque, milky sap. This is opium in its crudest form.

   
The sap is extracted    
The sap is extracted by slitting the pod vertically in parallel strokes with a special curved knife. As the sap oozes out, it turns darker and thicker, forming a brownish-black gum. A farmer collects the gum with a scraping knife, bundles it into bricks, cakes or balls and wraps them in a simple material such as plastic or leaves.


Then the opium enters the black market. A merchant or broker buys the packages for transport to a morphine refinery. "Most traffickers do their morphine refining close to the poppy fields, since compact morphine bricks are much easier to smuggle than bundles of pungent, jelly-like opium," writes Alfred W. McCoy in The Politics of Heroin.

At the refinery, which may be little more than a rickety laboratory equipped with oil drums and shrouded in a jungle thicket, the opium is mixed with lime in boiling water. A precipitate of organic waste sinks to the bottom. On the surface a white band of morphine forms. This is drawn off, reheated with ammonia, filtered and boiled again until it is reduced to a brown paste.

   
Morphine Base    
Poured into molds and dried in the sun, it is now morphine base, which has the consistency of dense modeling clay. Morphine base is smokable in a pipe - a practice introduced by the Dutch in the 17th century - or ready for further processing into heroin.

The first to process heroin was C.R. Wright, an English researcher who unwittingly synthesized heroin (diacetylmorphine) in 1874 when he boiled morphine and a common chemical, acetic anhydride, over a stove for several hours. The modern technique entails a complicated series of steps in a good laboratory.

In his book, Opium A History, Martin Booth describes the process: "First, equal quantities of morphine and acetic anhydride are heated in a glass or enamel-lined container for six hours at 85ÉC. The morphine and the acid combine to form impure diacetylmorphine. Second, water and chloroform are added to the solution to precipitate impurities. The solution is drained and sodium carbonate added to make the heroin solidify and sink. Third, the heroin is filtered out of the sodium carbonate solution with activated charcoal and purified with alcohol. [Fourth,] this solution is gently heated to evaporate the alcohol and leave heroin, which may be purified further ..."

   
Heroin No. 4    
Purification in the fourth stage, involving ether and hydrochloric acid, is notoriously risky. "In the hands of a careless chemist the volatile ether gas may ignite and produce a violent explosion that can level a clandestine laboratory," writes McCoy. The final product is a fluffy, white powder known in the trade as number four heroin.

When the heroin emerges from laboratories in places such as Bangkok or Hong Kong, it enters a multi-layered chain of distribution. Top brokers usually deal in bulk shipments of 20 to 100 kilos. A broker in New York might divide a bulk shipment into wholesale lots of 1 to 10 kilos for sale to underlings. A kilo of Southeast Asian heroin in 1997 costs $100,000 to $120,000, according to the Drug Enforcement Administration.

Oddly, for a shadowy commerce, the one-kilo bricks are brightly packaged and imprinted with brands worthy of Madison Avenue. Heroin originating in Burma's Shan State, for example, sports a red-lettered logo, "Double UO Globe Brand", framed by a pair of lions.

By the time heroin is peddled on city streets in small "bags" at $5 to $100, its value has ballooned more than ten- fold since its arrival in the United States.

Not many years ago virtually all the heroin sold on America's streets was so heavily diluted that it was rarely more than 10 percent pure. Purity has risen sharply in the mid-'90's - routinely hitting 50 to 60 percent - as dealers have tried to expand their market beyond those addicts who inject heroin into their veins with hypodermic needles. Higher purity means "you can inhale it, you can smoke it, you can get high without the threat of AIDS or those nasty intravenous needles." says DEA administrator Thomas Constantine, in a recent Washington Post story.

Greater purity also reflects a relatively high level of worldwide production. Last year the illicit output of raw opium amounted to a record 4,300 tons, an increase of almost 1000 tons since 1992, according to U.S. estimates. Burma's 1996 share of more than 2500 tons made it, far and away, the world leader.

By an age-old rule of thumb, every 10 tons of raw opium reduces to one ton of heroin. In other words, the worldwide opium output in 1996 translates into 430 tons of heroin. About half of that is destined for the United States.

Articles :News Pepper Post
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POPPY-Fishye


Poison Frog










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